Anger management is the process of learning to understand and recognize your anger along with the steps to help you calm down and control it more effectively. The goal isn’t to entirely eliminate your anger but to help you express it in a more healthy and appropriate way.
A variety of issues may cause someone to have difficulty in controlling their anger and other emotions. For example, individuals with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) may have difficulty in regulating their emotions (including anger) and anger management is often a common component of PTSD therapy (PTSD Association, 2014). Anger can be caused by internal or external events and is a natural response to threats (APA, 2014). Anger is a survival instinct so a certain level of anger is necessary, but when anger is excessive, it no longer becomes productive in our everyday lives.
Anger management treatment may include relaxation exercises such as progressive muscle relaxation or relaxing imagery. Individuals in anger management practice relaxation techniques and then apply their relaxation techniques in ever increasing anger-inducing situations. Over time, the individual may be better able to control their temper and reactions to anger-inducing situations because they can relax more when agitated. Increasing knowledge about anger and specific triggers is also a common focus of anger management therapy.